Genealogy and Immigration History
of the
Jacobs/Jacoby Family of

Posen, Prussia


Immigration Ship of the Leopold Jacoby Family 28 May-11 Jun 1884


"As you look toward the future, always remember the treasures of our

Past. Every generation stands on the shoulders of the generation that

came before. Jealously guard the values and principles of our

heritage. They did not come easy."

-Ronald Reagan-




George Kobernus

6296 Red Fox Run

Traverse City, MI 49686-6133

Ph: 231-933-9321 Fx: 501-325-8102

george["at" sign]

1 May 2002 Revision 4






CHAPTER I: The Jacobs/Jacoby Family of Posen. 3

A Brief Overview. 3

Jacobs Family Villages. 4

CHAPTER II: A Short History of Posen. 5

CHAPTER III: Where the Jacoby Family Lived. 6

The Netze River Valley. 6

Neudorf Mühle: 1835. 6

Schokken: 1835-38. 6

Grocholl: 1838-41. 6

Return to Schokken 1842-53. 6

Return to the Netze Valley: 1859. 6

Rudke (Rudki) Mühle - 1873. 7

Wilhelmseichen: 1884. 7

CHAPTER IV: Immigration of the Jacoby siblings. 8

Anna Caroline Jacoby  – 1862.

Mathilde July Jacobs. 8

Pauline Wilhelmina Jacoby. 8

Leopold Hermann Jacoby -1884. 8


Post Immigration History. 10

Appendix 1: Jacoby Family Photo Album.. 11

Appendix 2: Immigration Ship Rhaetia. 14

Appendix 3: Jacobs/Jacoby Family Tree. 15

Appendix 4: Castle Garden - Immigration Portal For The Jacoby Family. 17

Appendix 5: Random Notes and opportunities for further research. 18






Figure 1: The German Empire 1871. 3

Figure 2: Jacobs Family Villages. 4


CHAPTER I: The Jacobs/Jacoby Family of Posen


A Brief Overview

Carl Jacobs (1804-?) [1] and Louise Ulrich (1814-1853) [2] were probably ethnic Germans who lived near the Polish city of Bromberg. [3] They were married in 1835 near Neudorf Mühle and Exin on the south bank of the River Netze in the Prussian Province of Posen, now part of Poland. They had 10 Children; at least three died in infancy. [4] Soon after they married, they moved to Schokken, near the city of Wongrowitz about 25 miles South West of Exin where their first two children were born. They then moved to Grocholl, (now merged with Thalheim) a small village just outside the city of Bromberg, where three more children were born. The family then moved back to Schokken where the remaining children were born. Louise Ulrich Died in Schokken in 1853, but we have not found the death date of Carl Jacobs. The family probably moved back to the Nakel River basin near Exin after Louise’s death because several of the couple’s children were very young, and Carl does not appear to have any family in Schokken. Carl’s daughter Carolina was married in Exin in 1858 and son Leopold was married in Rudky Mühle and resided in the village of Wilhelmseichen both villages on the North bank of the Netze. Three or more of the Jacobs children immigrated to Wisconsin and Illinois between 1862 and 1884. This family is listed in various church and civil records as Jacobs, Jacobi and Jacoby.

Figure 1: The German Empire 1871

Jacobs Family Villages

This map gives an overview of the location of the villages where Carl and Louise Jacobs and their children lived from about 1835 to 1884. The size of the villages is exaggerated for emphasis.


Figure 2: Jacobs Family Villages

CHAPTER II: A Short History of Posen


Posen’s boundaries have remained generally intact, being generally defined by the watersheds of the rivers Warthe / Warta in the South, and the Netze / Notec in the North. See the 1871 German Empire map.


This area has been “liberated” by its neighbors many times and was the historical center of the Polish Nation in the 10th century and has always been one of the richest and most developed provinces of Poland. This part of Greater Poland was annexed by King Friedrich II of Prussia in 1772 and renamed Netze-District during the first partition of Poland. King Friedrich Wilhelm II of Prussia annexed the remainder in the second partition of Poland in 1793 and renamed it South Prussia. After the Prussian defeat by Napoleon Bonaparte, South Prussia was united with the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, 1807-1815.  The province of Posen received its name from the capital city of Posen. After Napoleon's defeat most of the Posen district of South Prussia reverted to Prussia when the Kalisch and Warschau districts became part of Russian-Poland (Congress-Poland). From 1815-1919 the Prussian province of Posen comprised the two districts of Posen and Bromberg. The Prussians split the province in two administrative parts, giving the city of Posen jurisdiction of the southern part and assigning Bromberg as the administrative center for the northern part.


Although Posen was really a Polish land, also known as “Wielkapolska” (Greater Poland) the German culture gradually became more pervasive in the 1800’s. When Posen became part of the Kingdom of Prussia, German migration into the captured territory increased. Most of the settlers were Lutheran and many Protestant parishes were established. It is likely the Jacoby family originated from Germany and was part of this migration.


Before WWI, the German-speaking inhabitants were about 35% of the total population of Posen. The majority of them lived in the western and northern districts. The central and southern part of Wielkopolska retained its Polish and Catholic identity. Both ethnic Germans and Poles lived side by side in Posen. The 1890 Prussian census in Posen indicated 697,265 spoke German and 1,047,409 spoke Polish as a first language. The 1895 census counted 542,013 Evangelicals (German), 1,164,067 Catholics (Poles) and 44, 346 Jews. The larger cities had a predominantly German-speaking population. [5]


The number of Lutheran communities in Posen reached 300 by the beginning of World War I. This growth was fueled by the Prussian government's generous support of German (mostly Lutheran) colonization throughout the province that included building new churches. After 1920, number of Lutheran communities in Posen began to drop as people migrated back to Germany where employment opportunities were better. [6]


Posen again became part of the new Poland after World War I. This freedom was short lived when Nazi Germany invaded Posen in 1939, extended it and named it Reichsgau Wartheland. 


At the end of World War II, the Allies met at Potsdam to settle the question of partition of the former Nazi controlled areas. West Pomerania became part of Mecklenburg in East Germany, and Posen became part of Poland. Part of the agreement was to resettle an estimated fifteen million ethnic Germans who lived in areas east of the Oder River. It is estimated that over 2 million Germans died from exposure and starvation when the Soviet Army drove Germans from Poland. In the post war period most of the German place names have been converted to their Polish equivalent; e.g. Posen = Poznan, and Bromberg = Bydgoszcz. Today, there are only a small number of ethnic Germans in Posen and few Lutheran churches.


CHAPTER III: Where the Jacoby Family Lived


The Netze River Valley

The ancestors of Carl Jacobs probably immigrated from somewhere in Western Germany to the Netze River Valley in Posen where we know they lived on and off from about 1835 to 1884. We don’t have birth records for Carl Jacobs and Louise Ulrich; however, we know that prior to 1835 they lived mainly around Neudorf Mühle, a small mill community on the Netze / Notec River in Schubin County, Posen. This village was in Exin Parish. Carl Jacobs was a “Mühlenpäachter” (Holder of a Mill Lease). In February 1835, at the age of 31, he married 21 year-old Louise Ulrich, the daughter of Gottleib Ulrich, a Mühlenbesitzer” (Mill Owner) who owned the Mill in Neudorf Mühle. [7] The banks of the river are a floodplain containing many farms that provided grain for the Mill operated by Carl Jacobs. There was an extensive canal system in the area that provided water for the mill and irrigated the farms.


Neudorf Mühle: 1835

The Meyers Gazetteer doesn’t list Neudorf Mühle as a place with it’s own name, just that Neudorf had a mill on the Netze River. [8] The map shows it as being quite removed from the village of Neudorf on a bluff overlooking the river.


Schokken: 1835-38

After their marriage, Carl and Louise left Neudorf Mühle and Exin Parish and moved about 25 miles South East to the Parish of Schokken (Now Skoki) a small town near Wongrowitz. [9] There the couple had two children, Anna Caroline Jacoby in 1835 [10] and Friederich Gustov Jacoby in 1837 [11]. Church records indicate Carl was working as a Grain Miller in “NadMühle” near Schokken.


Grocholl: 1838-41

Sometime about 1838 the family moved to Grocholl, a small village on a canal about 25 miles northeast of Neudorf Mühle. Grocholl (Now merged with Thalheim) was about 150 people, 5 miles (8km) Northeast of the center of Bromberg. The children born in Grocholl were Emilie (1838) [12], Mathilde (1839) [13] and Louise (1841). [14] Because of it’s location on the edge of a large farm area and proximity to a canal system we assume Carl Jacobs was working as a Miller there. Daughter Emilie died in this village in 1839.


Return to Schokken 1842-53

About 1842, The Jacobs family returned to Schokken where five more children were born. Carl Johann (1843), [15] Pauline Wilhelmina; (1844), [16] Reinhold Alexander (1846) [17] Leopold Hermann (1849),[18]  & Alexander Rudolph (1851) [19]. The Schokken church records reflect that children Louise Auguste and Carl Johann died in this village. Louise Ulrich also died in there at age 38 in 1853. It’s not known if Carl Jacobs remarried.


Return to the Netze Valley: 1859

The death of Louise left Carl with seven children, the youngest being only two years old. It is possible, but not certain, that Carl returned to Neudorf Mühle to work in his father-in-law’s Mill and where members of Louise’s family still lived. [20] The best proof that the family may have moved back to Neudorf Mühle is the 1859 marriage of eldest daughter Caroline to a young Miller from Kazmierzewo named Christian Kuehn. The parish record indicates both were from Neudorf Mühle and the father of the bride was “Miller” Jacobs from Neudorf Mühle. Our guess is that Christian also worked in the Mill and that’s how he met Caroline. Caroline, her sister Pauline, and maybe Mathilde, immigrated to the US in 1862. Leopold remained in the area until he immigrated in 1884.

Rudke (Rudki) Mühle - 1873

The next mention of the Jacobs family is in the village of Rudke Mühle, a small Mill community just outside Nakel, 24 kilometers East of Neudorf Mühle on the Netze River. This is where Leopold Jacoby married Augusta Frase in January 1873 and their first child Clara Emilie Jacoby was born in July of that year. [21] The Church records indicate the Jacoby name is very rare in Nakel although there is mention of a few possible Jacoby relatives living in Nakel. In addition, Augusta’s father and four siblings are identified in the parish church books. We also found a large number of Frase family members listed in Lobsens Parish just a few miles North of Nakel. [22]


Wilhelmseichen: 1884

Sometime between 1873 when Clara Emilie (Amelia) was born in Rudky Mühle, and their immigration in 1884, Leopold and Augusta moved to Wilhelmseichen just a few miles down river. During this nine years, three more children were born; Mathilde Ottilie "Tillie" (1875), Helen Bertha (1877), and Wilhelm “Bill” (1879). We know the birth dates of these children from US records, but there is no information yet as to where these children were actually born. The records for Nakel stop at 1873, so it’s possible the later records for Nakel Parish were lost or destroyed. It’s also possible they were born in a Parish somewhere near Wilhelmseichen because the Jacoby immigration record indicates they were living in that location when the family departed for the US in 1884. This village was located almost directly across the Netze River from Neudorf Mühle. There is a small bridge that connects the two villages. The map indicates Wilhelmseichen was the location of an Obstgut (Fruit Orchard/Estate). Our guess is that Leopold worked on this Orchard, or in the fields on either side of the river. See the Neudorf Mühle Map.

CHAPTER IV: Immigration of the Jacoby siblings


As economic conditions in Posen deteriorated In the latter decades before 1900, there was a strong migration from Posen Province back to Germany and to the Western Prussian provinces, most notable to Rhineland and Westfalen, where the booming Ruhr area and its coal and steel companies were the main attraction to the new labor force. This was also the period where strong immigration to the US was taking place. At least three of the Jacoby children immigrated to the US between 1862 and 1884. A number of people related to the Jacoby family also emigrated from the Exin area and settled in the same counties in Wisconsin and Minnesota.


Anna Caroline Jacoby  – 1862

Don Burke has done extensive research on the family of Anna Caroline Jacoby–Kuehn after she immigrated to the US with her husband. Caroline married Christian Kuehn, a Miller from the nearby village of Kazmierzewo in 1859. [23]  The marriage probably took place in Exin. The circumstantial evidence suggests Christian worked for Caroline’s father at the Mill in Neudorf Mühle. Their first child Augusta Louisa Kuehn was born in 1860. [24]  According to Don Burke, Christian Kuehn first immigrated to the US on the “Elise and Mathilde” arriving 18 September 1861. He then spent time with his brother Johann and sister who had previously immigrated to Beaver Dam Wisconsin. Caroline, pregnant with their second child Gustov, departed Bremen Germany on the Bark “Peter Rohland” arriving in New York on 16 May 1862. It is believed Gustov was born during the voyage. Caroline and Christian remained in Beaver Dam until about 1868 and then moved to Silby County MN where they lived with their extended family for the rest of their lives. [25]   Check this link for more information about Mathilda Julianna Kuehn (1865 - 1949) daughter of Christian Kuehn and Anna Caroline Jacoby of Silby MN.

Mathilde July Jacobs

The family bible of Mathilde Jacobs and Hermann Fix contains extensive birth, death and marriage information about the families of her brother Leopold and his descendants, but no information about the Fix family other than they were married in 1881 in an unknown location. We don’t know why there is so little information about Mathilde Jacobs and Hermann Fix, if or when she immigrated,, or how the bible came into the possession of the descendants of Leopold’s daughter Martha Jacoby. We did confirm however, that Mathilde’s date of birth noted in her family bible is the same as that recorded in the Bromberg parish church record.  In addition, since Mathilde was married to Herman Fix at the age of 42, it’s likely this was a second marriage and it’s possible they married in the US.


Pauline Wilhelmina Jacoby

Don Burke has also done extensive research on the family of Pauline Jacoby-Brandt. She would have been 17 years old when Caroline and brother-in-law Christian left Neudorf, but apparently did not travel with them. A number of other family and friends immigrated from Exin Parish to Minnesota, so it’s likely she emigrated with them sometime between 1861 and 1867 because she was a sponsor at the christening of Caroline’s son Alexander in 1868 in Beaver Dam, Dodge County, Wisconsin.


It’s also likely that Pauline was living with her sister when Caroline and Christian Kuehn moved from Wisconsin to Nicollet County Minnesota in the late 1860’s. It was there that Pauline married William Brandt in 1869. A number of friends and relations from Exin Parish also settled in the same area in Minnesota. Michael and Emilie Koenig (Christian Kuehn’s sister) moved to St. Peter, Nicollet County before anyone else and purchased land. The Brandts then moved to Sibley County where the Kuehns were living. The Brandt and Kuehn families farmed adjacent sections in Sibley Township and attended the Trinity Lutheran Church there. William and Pauline Brandt are listed in the 1875 Silby County Census.


Leopold Hermann Jacoby -1884

Leopold Jacoby married Augusta Frase in Rudky Mühle near Nakel in July 1873 [26] and they were living in Wilhelmseichen just a few miles away on the Netze River when they immigrated to the US in 1884. With them were their four children, Clara, “Tillie”, Helen, and Wilhelm. The family boarded the vessel “Rhaetia” on 28 May 1884 and arrived in New York Harbor 11 June 1884. Augusta was about 5 months pregnant with fifth child Martha at the time. This was some 20 years after Caroline and Pauline had emigrated, so it’s possible that Leopold and his family spent time with his siblings in Minnesota before settling in the Austin Illinois/Oak Park area near Chicago. However, since we know that Martha was born in Austin in September 1884, it’s not likely they spent much time in Minnesota.





Post Immigration History

Martha Jacoby and her sister Amanda Jacoby were born soon after Leopold and Augusta settled in the Austin Illinois area near Chicago. The Jacoby family is mentioned in the 1900 & 1910 US Census as living at 5939 Iowa St. This is where they met the Milkau family. Austin was also close to the village of Oak Park where the Kobernus family lived. Cook County Coroner Inquest files indicates Leopold died in March 1911 in an accident at the C&N.W. Railway yard in Chicago. He is buried in Concordia Cemetery in Forest Park, IL. His wife Augusta, daughters Amanda and Helen, and grandson John Kobernus are also buried in the same plot.

We know very little about the children of Leopold and Augusta Jacoby. Here’s a short summary of what we do know. We would like to know more about these families.


Clara married Anton Milkau in 1895 and lived in Oak Park Illinois until her death in 1932. Clara is buried in Concordia Cemetery with her husband.


Mathilde married Emil Cook and died in Cook County in 1942. We know very little about her.


Helen married Henry Kobernus in 1894. Henry died in 1909 and is buried in the Kobernus plot in Concordia Cemetery. Helen died in 1921 and is also buried in Concordia with her parents, sister Amanda and son John.


BillJacoby moved to Minnesota about 1900 and married Ida Briest in 1908. He died in Wood Lake, Yellow Medicine County Minnesota in 1970 and is buried in St. Paul’s Lutheran Cemetery, Arlington, Sibley, Minnesota.


Martha was born in the US in September 1884 just a couple of months after the family arrived. She married Harry Decker in 1903 and lived in Mason City, Cerro Gordo, Iowa where here husband was in the meat business. Harry Decker died in 1945 and Martha in 1975. It’s not known where they are buried, but assume it’s in the Mason City area.


Amanda, the second child born in the US in 1886, married Frank Kerrigan in 1907 but died from complications of childbirth in 1909. Her child Myrtle outlived her mother by only a few months. Both are buried in the Jacoby plot in Concordia. Apparently Frank Kerrigan remained close to the Jacoby family after he remarried.


Please help us fill in the blanks and expand these family histories.

Appendix 1: Jacoby Family Photo Album

We don't have many pictures of the Jacoby, Cook, Decker, Kobernus and Milkau families yet. Here are a few we've received from family members. We're always looking for more. Computer scans sent by e-mail work great, but we'll gladly pay for costs associated with having us scan and post them in this Album. Family stories about them are welcome. In addition, birth, marriage and death certificates contain important information about these families.

A: Augusta  & Clara Jacoby

B: Clara Jacoby

C: Bill & Ida Jacoby

D: Bill & Ida Jacoby

E: Catharine & Milt Decker

F: Jacoby-Cook

G: Emil Kobernus

H: Elsie Carlson??

I: Decker Family?

J: Jacoby-Decker-Cook Families

K: Leopold & Augusta Jacoby

L: Helen Jacoby

M: Amanda & Myrtle Kerrigan



N: Kobernus Plot



What treasures! If there are any more pictures like this we’d appreciate a copy so we can share them with others. We're gradually building a collection that will be added to the family history. Once we get more information about these people and other’s we’ll build an album for each family with narrative.

We've done quite a bit of research on the Kobernus family but would like to know more about the connections between the Decker, Jacoby, and Milkau families.





1915: Mother-Daughter Augusta Frase Age 69, Clara Jacoby Age 43 sitting on the porch steps of the Milkau home at 629 N. Parkside in Austin, Illinois (Xerox Copy)


Abt 1885; Clara Jacoby Age 13; As a young girltaken a year or so after she emigrated from Germany.(Xerox Copy)


1908: Wilhelm (Bill) Jacoby & Ida Briest Wedding picture. Bill was the son of Leopold Jacoby. The family immigrated in 1884 and lived in Oak Park Illinois. Bill moved to Silby County MN 1900.


Abt. 1948: Bill and Ida Jacoby. This might be their 40th Anniversary picture.


Abt. 1900: Catharine & Milton Decker


Tillie Jacoby-Cook, Emil Cook, and daughter Adeline.


Emil Kobernus. Not sure if this is Emil Sr. (1896-1944) or Emil Jr. (1926-1996


Elsie Carlson. Don’t have anything in our database on this person. Is this Elsie Hulda Milkau daughter or her daughter?


Decker family gathering? Not sure who these people are


Three Jacoby siblings and their spouses: Back row; Bill & Ida Jacoby, Martha & Harry Decker, Emil & Tillie Cook. Children: Clarence Jacoby, Myrtle Jacoby, and Adeline Cook.


Jacoby Plot, Concordia Cemetery; Leopold & Augusta Jacoby


Jacoby Plot, Concordia Cemetery; Helen Jacoby-Kobernus


Jacoby Plot, Concordia Cemetery; Amanda Jacoby-Kerrigan & Dau Myrtle


Kobernus family plot, Concordia cemetery, Carl, Sophie, Marie, Henry Kobernus

Appendix 2: Immigration Ship Rhaetia


Ship's Name: Rhaetia, Manifest ID Number: 37783

Date of Departure 28 May 1884

Date of Arrival Jun. 11, 1884

Country of Origin: Hamburg Germany



Age on Manifest


Jacobi, Leopold


Actual DOB 09.May.1849

Jacobi, Aug., (Augusta Frase)


Actual DOB 28.Jan.1846

Jacobi, Clara


Actual DOB 22.Jul.1872

Jacobi, Ottilie (Tillie)


Actual DOB 01.Mar.1875

Jacobi, "Wilh". (Bill)


Actual DOB 25.Oct.1877

Jacobi,  "Lene" (Helen)


Actual DOB 24.Dec.1879



The steamship RHAETIA was built by Reiherstiegwerft, Hamburg, for the Hamburg American Line, and launched on 23 November 1882. 3,553 tons; 107,11 x 13,07 x 8,86 meters (length x breadth x depth of hold); straight bow, 1 funnel, 3 masts; steel construction, screw propulsion, service speed 12 knots; accommodation for 96 passengers in 1st class and 1,100 in steerage. 4 April 1883, maiden voyage, Hamburg-Havre-New York. 4 November 1894, last voyage, Hamburg-Havre-New York. 1895, taken by Harland & Wolff in part payment for the PENNSYLVANIA; sold to J. H. B"ogel, Hamburg. 24 May 1898 sold to the U.S. Navy and renamed CASSIUS. 1900, SUMNER (U.S. Army transport). 11 December 1916, wrecked on Barnegat Shoals, New Jersey Pictured in Michael J. Anuta, Ships of Our Ancestors (Menominee, MI: Ships of Our Ancestors, 1983), p. 280, courtesy of the Peabody Essex Museum, East India Square, Salem, MA 01970. Links where the Rhaetia vessel is mentioned:

Appendix 3: Jacobs/Jacoby Family Tree

This tree only lists the children  & Grandchildren of Carl and Louise Jacobs.

 There are about 1300  known descendants in the Jacoby Line 

If you’d like a more complete outline contact us. 


Descendants of Carl (Jacobs) Jacoby

1 JACOBY, Carl (Jacobs) 1804 -

. +ULRICH, Anna Louise 1814 - 1853

........ 2 JACOBY, Anna Caroline (Jacobi) 1835 - 1927

............ +KUEHN, Christian Frederick 1834 - 1927

................... 3 KUEHN, Auguste Louise 1860 - 1884

....................... +KUSSKE, Louis 1847 - 1901

................... 3 KUEHN, Gustav Frederick 1862 - 1952

....................... +GERHOLTZ, Albertina 1866 - 1956

................... 3 KUEHN, Christian Leopold 1863 - 1865

................... 3 KUEHN, Mathilda Juliana 1865 - 1949

....................... +HAHN, Julius Rudolph 1862 - 1935

................... 3 KUEHN, Martin Julius 1866 - 1943

....................... +BUESING, Emma Caroline 1866 - 1931

................... 3 KUEHN, Alexander Rudolph 1868 - 1935

....................... +MUENCHOW, Bertha Wilhelmina 1874 - 1957

................... 3 KUEHN, Wilhelmina Paulina 1870 - 1961

....................... +BURKE, Nels Olaf 1867 - 1957

................... 3 KUEHN, Ernest Emil 1872 - 1963

....................... +FENSKE, Augusta R W 1886 - 1970

................... 3 KUEHN, Albert Edward 1873 - 1928

....................... +HOHSTEDT, Sophia Dorothea 1878 - 1927

................... 3 KUEHN, Caroline Anna 1876 - 1952

....................... +MOCK, Lewis 1868 - 1950

................... 3 KUEHN, Amelia Emma 1880 - 1962

....................... +BULAU, Albert Fredrick 1883 - 1961

........ 2 JACOBS, Friederich Gustov 1837 -

........ 2 JACOBY, Emilie Justines (Jacobs) 1838 - 1839

........ 2 JACOBY, Mathilde July (Jacobs) 1839 -

............ +FIX, Herman 1840 -

........ 2 JACOBY, Louise Auguste (Jacobs) 1841 - 1845

........ 2 JACOBS, Carl Johann 1843 - 1843

........ 2 JACOBY, Pauline Wilhelmina (Jacobs) 1844 - 1910

............ +BRANDT, Wilhelm (William) 1836 - 1913

................... 3 BRANDT, Gustav Richard 1870 - 1870

................... 3 BRANDT, Paulina Marie 1872 - 1946

....................... +MEYER, Fred Wilhelm 1869 - 1947

................... 3 BRANDT, Anna Caroline 1873 - 1956

....................... +FITZKE, Otto Albert Ernest 1857 - 1911

................... 3 BRANDT, Mathilda Emilie 1874 - 1950

....................... +RIEGE, Ed 1871 -

................... 3 BRANDT, Carl (Charles) William 1876 - 1949

....................... +ZELLMER, Emma Wilhelmine 1876 - 1931

................... 3 BRANDT, Paulena Louise 1877 - 1929

....................... +ECKLIN, John 1875 -

................... 3 BRANDT, Leopold 1879 - 1960

................... 3 BRANDT, Friedrick William 1880 - 1950

....................... +GERHOLZ, Martha 1886 - 1965

................... 3 BRANDT, Unknown Child 1882 -

................... 3 BRANDT, Louisa E 1883 - 1950

....................... +BERQUIST, Frank 1881 - 1914

................... *2nd Husband of BRANDT, Louisa E:

....................... +BURNS, Robert 1882 - 1964

................... 3 BRANDT, Herman Gustav 1886 - 1890

................... 3 BRANDT, Emma Alma 1888 - 1890

................... 3 BRANDT, Hermina Alma 1891 - 1955

....................... +GILL, Glen A 1889 -

........ 2 JACOBS, Reinhold Alexander 1846 -

........ 2 JACOBY, Leopold Hermann (Jacobs) 1849 - 1911

............ +FRASE, Augusta 1846 - 1917

................... 3 JACOBY, Clara Emilie (Amelia) (Jacobi) 1873 - 1932

....................... +MILKAU, Anton (Tony) Q. 1873 - 1960

................... 3 JACOBY, Mathilde Ottilie "Tillie" 1875 - 1942

....................... +COOK, Emil 1875 -

................... 3 JACOBY, Helen Bertha 1877 - 1921

....................... +KOBERNUSS, Heinrich (Henry/Earl) Friederich Carl 1873 - 1909

................... 3 JACOBY, Wilhelm (Bill) Leopold 1879 - 1970

....................... +BRIEST, Ida Auguste Ottilie 1888 - 1969

................... 3 JACOBY, Martha 1884 - 1975

....................... +DECKER, Harry H. 1873 - 1948

................... 3 JACOBY, Amanda 1886 - 1909

....................... +KERRIGAN, Frank 1885 - 1972

........ 2 JACOBS, Alexander Rudolph 1851 -


Appendix 4: Castle Garden - Immigration Portal For The Jacoby Family

Our ancestors never saw Ellis Island. All of the immigrants we’ve studied arrived well before establishment of the immigrant-processing center on Ellis Island in New York Harbor in 1892. Prior to 1855, immigrants arriving in New York just walked off the boat and disappeared into the crowd. 

In 1855, an official immigration center was established at Castle Garden to accommodate the growing number of immigrants to the United States who used New York as their first port of call. Situated on landfill at the tip of the Battery, the former fortification, concert hall, and entertainment center housed the processing of immigrants until 1890.

Over the next 34 years, over 8 million people entered the United States through Castle Garden, In 1860, 105,123 immigrants disembarked there, of whom 47,330 were Irish, 37, 899 were German and 11,361 were English. The Garden closed on April 18, 1890. A temporary center was set up in the old Barge Office near the Customhouse on the southeast foot of Manhattan and used until January 1, 1892 when Ellis Island opened

Appendix 5: Random Notes and opportunities for further research


The Milkau name is very rare in the US. There are only three Milkau listings in the US Telephone directory, 2 in Belgium, 1 in the Netherlands. However, there are 385 in Germany. In addition, there is a German town named Milkau located about midway between Luxembourg and Berlin in Central Germany.

Immigrant passenger lists lots of Milk, Milka, Milke, Milken, & Milkow families from Germany but only one Milkau. This was person’s name was Christian Friedrich Milkau.


The headstone of Anton Milkau says, "Played with Sousa". He must have been one of the better musicians of his day to play with the master. It was a revelation to learn of the closeness of the Jacoby/Milkau families. This relationship becomes apparent when you look at some clues: 629 N. Parkside was the location Helen-Jacoby Kobernus gave as her address when her son John was killed in 1915. She was also listed variously as living at 615 & 623 North Waller and 647, 657 & 550 N. Parkside from about 1911 to her death in 1921. These are all locations within a few blocks of each other. Anton Milkau was still living at 629N Parkside when he provided the information for Helen Jacoby-Kobernus' death certificate. When 5 year-old Roy Milkau died in 1922, he was first buried in the Jacoby plot before being relocated later to the Milkau/Lyons plot in Concordia Cemetery.


It is likely the Julius Milkau buried in the Trinity Lutheran Church Cemetery on the corner of Meyers Rd. and Roosevelt Rd is probably a brother or cousin to Anton Milkau. There is more information to be gleaned from the records in Du Page County. There are some other clues that should be investigated. For example, Agnes Milkan married Charles Bielefeldt in Cook County in 1889 and Rosa Milkan married Thomas Christiansen in DuPage County in 1882. There is also a coroner inquest record for the death of Daniel Milkan in Cook County in 1891. It should be possible to determine the when, where and how of the Milkau family immigration. We have not encountered much information on Tracy, Anton’s second wife, other than her first husband was Ernest Cleveland.



[1]Carl Jacobs was probably born somewhere in one of the Western Russia German colonies established between 1763 and 1862.


[2] Church Record - Exin, marriage - LDS 08145954, p. 58, # 7. Although we have not found the birth records of Carl and Louise, their ages of 31 and 21 given in the 22 Feb. 1835 marriage record places Carl’s birth year as 1804 and Louise’s 1814. In addition, we found Louise’s death record in Schokken dated 27 Jan 1853. It  says she was 38 yr, 7 mos, 28 day when she died. This calculates to a birth date of 30 May 1814. Source: Church Record - Schokken/Schocken, Death - LDS 0752863.


[3] The death certificate of Carl’s daughter Pauline says he was born in “Warraso or Wassaro” There is a Wasserau in Russia. After the partition of Poland in 1772, Frederick the Great encouraged the settlement of West Prussia and the Netze district around Bromberg. The immigrants came from various German lands, especially from Wuertemberg and Baden-Durlach. Many Germans were also encouraged to immigrate from Germany and Posen to Western Russia as part of Catharine Great’s proclamation in 1763 and later. It is possible that Carl’s family emigrated from parts of Germany to Posen and maybe to Russia and back again to Posen.


[4] Church Record - Nakel, marriage - LDS 0245499, p. 311, # 2. The marriage record of Leopold and Augusta lists Leopold listed as the “third son of William Jacobi of Zschocken”. This turns out to be Schocken or Schokken. The Schokken church records verify that Leopold had three older brothers.


[5] See the Polish Frequently Asked Questions at:


[6] See and for more information on German communities in Poland.


[7] Church Record - Exin, marriage - LDS 08145954, p. 58, # 7,


[8] Meyers Orts- und Verkehrs-Lexikon des Deutschen Reichs: auf Grund amtlicher Unterlagen von Reichs-, Landes- und Gemeindebehörden. Meyer’s gazetteer and commercial directory of the German Empire. Shows information concerning each place name, including churches, civil offices and jurisdictions. FHL INTL Fiche 6000001-6000029


[9] Location Description East 17°09' North 52°40' This village/town was located 12.8 km and 129 degrees from Rogasen, which is known today as Rogozno


[10] Church Record – Schokken parish, birth LDS 0752863, p. 309, # 188; Godparents: Daniel Valpahl, Caroline Valpahl, Louise Kaiser. Father: Miller Jacobs.


[11] Church Record – Schokken parish, birth LDS 0752863, p. 17, # 64; Godparents: Friederich Zonda, Justina Ulrich, Caroline Fentuh. Christened 27 Mar 1837


[12] Church Record – Bromberg parish, birth - LDS 0245338, p. 211, 573. Sponsors: Christoph Fesky, Juliana Fesky, Martin Mehnke, and William Haller. Christened by Rev Rohmberg.


Church Record – Bromberg parish, birth - LDS 0245338, p. 335.


[13] Church Record – Bromberg parish, birth - LDS 0245338, p. 335. The family bible of Mathilde Jacoby held by the Decker family indicated she was born in Grocholl. We found the birth records for Grocholl in Bromberg parish. This gave us our first clue as to where the Jacoby family originated.


[14] Church Record - Bromberg, birth - LDS 0245338, p. 507, Pastor who performed christening; Rev Rohmberg.  See also LDS 1180435 for printout of births.


[15] Church Record – Schokken parish, birth LDS 0752863, p. 309, # 14; Godparents: Gottlieb Reisner, Nucole Minnotz, Eva Ros Jaester. Christened 22 Jan.


[16] Don Burke says the church in St. Peter gave Pauline’s birth date as 23 August 1844. Other records say 27 August. The church in St. Peter also has an entry that lists her birthplace as “Schockow” This turned out to be Schokken. However, Pauline's birth record was not in the Schokken church records.  Since her siblings were born there, it's likely the pastor forgot to enter it or entered it in the wrong place or the record is in the catholic or civil records for Schokken.


[17] Church Record – Schokken parish, birth LDS 0752863, Church Record - p. 57, #10, Godparents: Gottlieb Reisner, ________Jacobs. Father: Mueller Jacobs. Mother: Anna Louise Ulrich. Christened 12 Jan 1846.


[18] Church Record – Schokken parish, birth LDS 0752863, - p. 113, and #137, Godparents: Wilhelm Leopold Kuhn, Albertine Ruissen. Christened 9 May. 49.


[19]Church Record – Schokken parish, birth LDS 0752863, Church Record -p. 172, # 85, Godparents: Gottlieb Reisner, Juliane Pfiefer.


[20] There are two conflicting entries in the records that point to Carl’s location after Louise’s death.  In 1859 Caroline’s marriage records says father of the bride was “Miller” Jacobs from Neudorf Mühle. Leopold’s 1873 marriage record in Nakel identifies him as the “third son of Miller Jacobi from “Zschocken.” (Schocken or Schokken)


[21] Church Record - Nakel, birth - LDS 0245497, p. 823, 166.  Church record lists DOB as 22 July 1873. The Jacoby bible also 22 is July 1873. My notes from my visit to Concordia says DOB was 1872, maybe the headstone is wrong, I'll have to put it on my list of things to check next time I visit Chicago. Witnesses: Wilhelmine Frase (Sister of Augusta Frase), Wilhelm Luenser (sp) husband of Wilhelmine, Johann Wiese, Auguste Schroeder. Also, the bible gives her name as Clare Amelia while the parish record says Clare Emilie.  The film stops at the end of 1873 and this appears to be the last book in the series. There is film of civil records for Nakel from 1874 to about 1880; I'll check that next time I go to Salt Lake.. Tillie, Helen and Bill were born between 1875-79 so they may be on the civil film.     


[22] One interesting example of a possible relation to Leopold Jacoby is Johann Leopold Jacoby born about 1824 married Carolina Susanna Raczkowska and had at least seven children between 1840 and 1856 in Nakel. This possible connection needs further research. An Elizabeth Jacoby born about 1800 gave birth to a child in 1825 in Nakel.


[23] Church Record - Exin, marriage - LDS 08145954, p. 137/286, # 35. Both from Neudorf Mühle, Father Wilhelm Jacobs from Neudorf Mühle. Check first name again. It could actually be “Mueller” Jacobs.


[24] Church record, Exin/Kycina LDS 0814597. p. 612 # 10. Birth in Neudorf. Sponsor: Julius Ulrich, Henriette Wiese. Several members of the Wiese family also acted as sponsors for Frase children. Julius Ulrich is probably related to grandmother of child Louise Ulrich.


[25] Ibid: Don Burke. 


[26] Church Record - Nakel, birth - LDS 0245497, p. 823, 166


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